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state in terms of electricity rates."
Proposed clean energy transmission system is efficient
The cables, which are five inches in diameter, will be placed underwater and underground, which company officials say makes the system minimally invasive to the environment. Additionally, the cable is solid state and compact and will be installed using what's called low impact water jet technology. The cables, made from copper and polyethylene with a steel exterior, will leave the Hudson River at Glens Adidas Ace 17.2 Blue Falls so as not to interfere with the EPA led dredging project in the upper Hudson, then travel along the CSX and CP railroads until reaching the Coeymans Hollow area just south of Albany. At that point, the cables would enter the river again down to converter stations in Yonkers, Westchester County, where the power will be converted back from DC power to AC power and then transmitted to the Manhattan area.
Along with fewer energy losses, HVDC also tends to be cheaper and is better for undersea cables where high capacitance (the ability of a body to hold an electric charge) causes additional AC losses. Long undersea high voltage cables have a high electrical capacitance because the conductors are surrounded by a thin layer of insulation and a metal sheath. The modern form of HVDC transmission uses technology developed extensively in Sweden in the 1930s. Early commercial installations including one in the former Soviet Union, built in the 1950s between Moscow and Kashira. The longest HVDC link in the world currently is believed to be the Inga Shaba, which spans 1,100 miles between the Inga Dam and the Shaba copper mine in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
TDI, which has offices in Toronto and Albany, has proposed similar projects in Maine and Massachusetts. According to the CEO and president, Donald Jessome, these projects would create new economic opportunity by delivering electricity with little environmental impact in a way that "respects local communities" and doesn't affect the view shed.
Transmission Developers Inc. is working on plans to install a high voltage direct current underwater transmission system connecting Quebec and New York City, running along the Hudson Valley for many miles. The Champlain Hudson Power Express would span a total of 350 miles, starting in the Richelieu River in Quebec, then traveling south through Lake Champlain and into the Hudson River.
The project also requires a presidential permit sign off, along with an environmental impact statement. The latter portion, which involves the Public Service Commission, is being worked on.
New York state agencies have been exceptionally helpful and supportive, said Jessome, and there have been no major roadblocks so far. Public hearings on the proposal will begin this coming fall.
company's proposed project could bring up to 1,000 megawatts of clean, renewable wind and hydro power to the New York metro area.
High voltage direct current energy transmission is believed to be more efficient for transmitting power over long distances than Alternating Current transmission. It also doesn't produce the electromagnetic fields associated with AC transmission.
federal level. It's currently going through a National Environmental Protection Act scoping, which is overseen by the Department of Energy. Company officials are currently doing a "road tour" of DOE hearings in various municipalities, including Albany, Kingston, Plattsburgh and Yonkers.
The past two years have been primarily focused on the regulatory process, according to Jessome. As one might imagine, a project of this size requires the approval of numerous regulatory agencies on both the state and Adidas Football Boots 2017 Messi
TDI is currently in negotiations with large Canadian wind and hydro power companies, which Jessome didn't want to name yet. A major part of the financing of the project will come from lead investor the Blackstone Group, one of the world's leading investment and advisory firms specializing in private equity. Department of Energy's Loan Guarantee Program, a federal incentive that supports transmission projects and helps spur private sector investments in these projects.
As far as progress toward receiving all the necessary approvals, "things are going very well," said Jessome.
If TDI's project is approved by all of the necessary regulating bodies, the $1.9 billion project would break ground in September 2011. The company says it would be one of the largest investments in New York State history and will create up to 200 construction jobs by the time it's serviceable in 2015.
High voltage direct current electric power transmission systems tend to be better for long distance transmission of bulk power than the more common alternating current (AC) systems because there are typically fewer energy losses, according to Jian Sun, an associate Puma Evospeed V2
professor in the department of electrical, computer and systems engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
"The economic impact of this will be very dramatic," he said. It could result in "a billion dollars a year in savings across the Puma Evopower Pink And Blue Futsal
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